Indian gooseberry is a tree that grows in India, the Middle East, and some southeast Asian countries. Indian gooseberry has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. Today people still use the fruit of the tree to make medicine.
Indian gooseberry is most commonly used for high cholesterol, abnormal levels of cholesterol or blood fats (dyslipidemia), and persistent heartburn. It is also used for diarrhea, nausea, and cancer, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
How does it work?
Indian gooseberry seems to work by reducing total cholesterol levels, including the fatty acids called triglycerides, without affecting levels of the "good cholesterol" called high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
Abnormal levels of cholesterol or blood fats (dyslipidemia). Research shows that taking a specific brand of Indian gooseberry whole fruit extract (Tri-low, Arjuna Natural Ltd.) for 12 weeks decreases low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or "bad") cholesterol and fats called triglycerides.
Persistent heartburn. Research in people with persistent heartburn shows that taking Indian gooseberry fruit extract for 4 weeks helps to reduce how often heartburn occurs and how severe it is.
High cholesterol. Most early research shows that taking Indian gooseberry fruit or fruit extract for 4 weeks to 6 months decreases LDL, or "bad", cholesterol in people with high cholesterol.
Osteoarthritis. Early research shows that taking two capsules of an Ayurvedic formula containing Indian gooseberry and several other ingredients three times daily for 24 weeks is as beneficial as taking glucosamine sulfate or the drug celecoxib for reducing pain in people with knee osteoarthritis.
A skin disorder that causes white patches to develop on the skin (vitiligo).Early research suggests that taking one tablet containing Indian gooseberry and other ingredients three times daily for 6 months along with standard treatment can increase skin repigmentation and reduce signs of inflammation better than standard treatment alone.
- Bloody diarrhea (dysentery).
- Eye problems.
- Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).
- Joint pain.
- Swelling of the pancreas.